Plagiarism is defined as the "wrongful appropriation" and "purloining and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions," and the representation of them as one's own original work. Plagiarism is not a crime per se but in academia and industry it is a serious ethical offense and cases of plagiarism can constitute copyright infringement.

Webster’s dictionary defines plagiarism as: 

  • the act of using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person:
  • the act of plagiarizing something.

Plagiarism[3] is not always a black and white issue. The boundary between plagiarism and research is often unclear. Authors of the[4] ] believe that learning to recognize the various forms of plagiarism, especially the more ambiguous ones, is an important step towards effective prevention. They distinguish between 10 types of plagiarism:

1. Copy CLONE –  Submitting another’s work, word-for-word, as one’s own
2. CTRL+C CRTL + C – Contains significant portions of text from a single source without alterations
3. Magnifying glass FIND & REPLACE – - Changing key words and phrases but retaining the essential content of the source
4. Casette REMIX - Paraphrases from multiple sources, made to fit together
5. Recycle RECYCLE – Borrows generously from the writer’s previous work without citation
6. Car HYBRID – Combines perfectly cited sources with copied passages without citation
7. Mash up MASHUP – Mixes copied material from multiple sources
8. Error 404 ERROR - Includes citations to non-existent or inaccurate information about sources
9. WiFi AGGREGATOR  – Includes proper citation to sources but the paper contains almost no original work
10. Twitter logo RE-TWEET – Includes proper citation, but relies too closely on the text’s original wording


The University of Maribor and plagiarism

The University of Maribor is aware of its role in awareness of and control over plagiarism, because it affects the quality of its study, students’ final theses and of the University itself. In 2012 a workgroup for the control over plagiarism was established and a document for Plagiarism Control at the University of Maribor was introduced. The development team under the lead of prof. Milan Ojsteršek at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science developed software for the plagiarism control and this software is installed in DKUM. All the final theses must be submitted in electronic form and they undergo the plagiarism controlling process.

Contact persons for plagiarism are in the University of Maribor Library Bernarda Korez or Dunja Legat.

[3] What is plagiarism? Pridobljeno 24. 8. 2020 s spletne strani

[4] Pridobljeno 24. 8. 2020 s spletne strani

[5] Types og plagiarism. 

Understanding plagiarism. Na: Pridobljeno 24. 8. 2020

Warner, A. 5 Free Online Plagiarism Checkers – Which Works in 2021 (2021). Na Websiteplanet. Pridobljeno 10. 8. 2021